Community Development and Social Enterprise Thinker and Activist;
Born: March 23rd, 1942
Died: December 12th, 2011
John Pearce, who died from cancer aged just 69, was a major and influential force in community development and in particular was a pioneer in community enterprise - the precursor to social enterprise. For nearly fifty years, John's ideas, inspiration and exceptional talent for clear thinking were a driving force behind people-centred development and especially around the principles and practice of collective and community enterprise.
John brought a rare vision to community development that encompassed the simple idea that people who are disadvantaged for whatever reason can engage directly with economic solutions that will create jobs and services in their own communities and so take steps towards improving their quality of life. He was a thinker who managed to turn theories into practice and directly helped the development of communities in Scotland, the UK and wider afield.
John was Cornish and grew up in Truro where his father was an accountant and Methodist lay-preacher. He won a scholarship to Truro School and then went on to St Catharine's College, Cambridge where he studied mediaeval French and German – to the astonishment of many who knew him in later life!
After Cambridge he was a VSO volunteer teaching in Nigeria. On his return to the UK in 1964 he studied for a diploma in Social Administration at the London School of Economics. Two years prior to this, the foundations had been laid for ground-breaking work in Nepal through a chance encounter with the Dalai Lama's sister at a Pestolozzi Children's project. With two other friends he spent nearly two years working with Tibetan refugees helping to found a village settlement near Pokhara in eastern Nepal which was completed in 1967 and named by the Dalai Lama as Tashi Ling or "Happy Place". John maintained links with Tibet and Tibetans throughout his life.
He went on to work for the Young Volunteer Force Foundation in Bideford, Devon and was part of the Community Development Programme setting up community development projects in post-industrial west Cumbria from 1972 - 1977. John in those days cut a flamboyant figure with long hair and an extravagant moustache disguising an innovative approach and steely determination. Following the end of the West Cumbria CDP and the family moved to Harburn in West Lothian.
From around this time John was deeply involved in the Industrial Common Ownership Movement and chaired its lending committee ICOF. He helped to found the Scottish Co-operative Development Committee and established the Local Enterprise Advisory Project (LEAP) working with people living in disadvantaged urban housing schemes in the west of Scotland. In the early 1980s Strathclyde Community Business (SCB) grew out of LEAP and saw staff numbers and work load both grow, becoming a model for publicly funded community enterprise development units which in the 1980s covered most of the Scottish regions.
John edged towards retiring but never got there. For the last twenty years of his life he worked freelance. There are countless reports and research documents that bear his name and six books – perhaps the most celebrated being 'Social Enterprise in Anytown' published by the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation in 2003. He also developed the ideas, policies and practices of social accounting and audit which enables organisations with a social purpose to account and demonstrate their true social value to society.
He was a founder member of Community Business Scotland, the Social Audit Network, the Scottish Community Enterprise Investment Fund and the West Calder Workspace Group of Community Companies. His energy, clarity of thought and the ability to gather people around ideas extended John' influence out across the UK and to Europe through the European Network for Economic Self-help and Local Development and to India, Australia and New Zealand through COMMACT (now the Commonwealth Association for People Centred Development).
In Harburn, John had a small holding and was central to much local community action. He raised pigs for many years, grew vegetables and planted thousands of trees. His friends recall him as stubborn, not always patient, was at times peremptory, generous, cooked a great fish pie, practical, organised but with a curious tendency to collect stuff. He was a great walker who twice covered the 250 mile coastal path around Cornwall.
John's contribution to the development of social enterprise and community development in its most practical and truest form will be remembered by many. Throughout John's life he kept a library of papers and documents and he has made a major archive contribution to the Social Enterprise Collection at Glasgow Caledonian University as well as donating an archive to the exiled Tibetan government in Dharamsala.
John led a truly remarkable life that managed in a simple and straightforward way to live and contribute locally while at the same time extend his ideas and thinking globally. He was active on the local community council in Harburn and at the same time maintained working relationships with community development NGOs in India.
He is survived by Joanna, Matthew and William, their partners Vic and Hope, his grandchildren Jack and Pirran and his brother Philip.
Alan Kay and Alan Tuffs - long-time friends and colleagues
Personal Tribute To John Pearce - Alan Kay
Alan Kay has written a Personal Tribute that may reflect the experience of many of John's friends and colleagues....
"John Pearce was a close friend, a colleague and a source of inspiration. I shall miss his patience, his humour and his wisdom. He strode through life...with original ideas that he put into practice...with a strong sense of values and social justice...and with an ability to include and support the most vulnerable in society.
He had little patience with misguided authority and self-justifying power structures. He was always on the side of the common folk.
I first met John in 1988 when I applied for a job with Community Business Scotland (CBS) and we went out for a coffee at the People's Palace in Glasgow. I think he wanted to check me out. After the coffee we went on a visit to the hard-pressed Ferguslie Park housing estate in Paisley and he explained that what was lamentable was not that places like Ferguslie Park existed, but that they seemed to be allowed to continue to exist...
He converted me to a form of community development based on the need for local people to take charge of their own economic activity. By helping local communities to do this, we are empowering them.
John has inspired and influenced many people thoughout his life. He was an activist in the Community Development Programme in the early 1970s in Cumbria. He then worked tirelessly on promoting and developing community businesses in Glasgow and the West of Scotland. He established and ran Strathclyde Community Business which was the first development unit supporting the growing community business movement in Scotland. That led to the founding of Community Business Scotland in the early 1980s and the Scottish Community Enterprise Investment Fund.
After leaving SCB in the early 1990s be became self-employed and worked on ways community enterprise could account for their social purpose. This led to the development of social accounting and audit and work with the New Economics Foundation and others.
He had an agile mind coupled with a curiosity and sense of fairness which impressed nearly everyone he came into contact with. He truly was a social entrepreneur but with an understanding that lasting community change would only be achieved if it involved collective action – people working with each other for the common good.
Over the years he and I worked closely together - in odd places from Shetland to Wales, from Newcastle to Liverpool; and with the occasional trip abroad on European research projects.
I learnt a lot from John as he always behaved with integrity and showed me ways in which we can help others, maintain a set of values and do interesting work – all at the same time!
For me John is irreplaceable and I look back on the work we did together over the last fourteen years with affection. They are filled with good memories – too many to go through but ones that will stay with me and be remembered with fondness.
And so, if any of us in the future stop long enough in the lay-bys of life and contemplate the origins of social enterprise and social impact we shall stumble across the work of John Pearce – much more than a footnote in the history of the social economy.
I shall miss him – my friend, John Pearce."
Tributes from friends and colleagues
Since John's passing, SAN has received numerous other tributes, a selection from which is shown below:
- I know my world is a little less brighter today, I'd personally so much to thank John for and also thanks to him for bringing/sharing social accounting and his views on social enterprise (long before it was trendy) to the south west some 15 years ago (Helen Vines)
- Although I did not know him well, John was an inspiration to me as someone new to the topic and a great teacher (Barbara Beaton)
- John's articulate enthusiasm had me hooked straight away on this "new-fangled" social accounting thing. I looked forward to the next training sessions with a keenness to learn which I thought I'd never experience again. There are 3 people who I'd say have inspired me in my life and one of them is my Dad, another was John (Matthew Lanham)
- John was a fantastic bloke, always polite and humble and such an inspiration to anyone that had the fortune to meet him. He always spoke with common sense as well as authority, wisdom and pragmatism. I remember the first time that I heard him speak so clearly, it was in the early 1990's and was, as they say, a penny dropping experience, converted me from then on to a new way of thinking and being. The social enterprise and social accounting world in particular has lost one of top men today. (Graham Waterhouse)
- John's contribution to social accounting and audit, and also more widely to community and social enterprise development, was huge. He will be greatly missed, both for that and for the personal support and encouragement he gave to so many who have begun social accounting (Mike Gordon)
- It just seems so sad that we have lost two such strong friends this year (Liz Brooks-Allen)
- So sad to hear about John. Like many others I was put on the path of community enterprise and social accounting through the example of John and his shared wealth of experience. I was also fortunate enough to be mentored as a social auditor by John and his wise words and gentle guidance was much appreciated (Iftikar karim, SAN)
- A great man for lots of us, a pioneer, many a fine memory, very saddened. (Lawrence Macanelly, The Junction, Redcar)
- I am so sad to hear of John’s death. He was a great guy and well loved and respected. My thoughts are with his friends and family. (Keith Wimbles, VAF)
- I'm so sorry to hear this sad news and send deepest sympathy and warmest wishes. (Lisa McMullen, SAN Director)
- I'm really sorry to hear about John - you mentioned a while back that he was ill. I did speak to him a couple of times, and had quite a bit of email correspondence - I remember he said that he used to work in Nepal with some children's charities and I did quite a lot of travelling in the Himalaya with friends who lived over there around the time we put the first (or second!) Manual together, so we had a bit of comparing of notes about Nepal past and present! Anyway - my condolences to his family and friends - very sad. (John Jackson, Argument by Design)
- I am so sorry to hear about the sudden death of John Pearce. May his soul rest in peace and would like to express my sincere condolences to his family and entire SAN team. I believe his contribution is great to scale up SAF Nepal up to this stage and we are all indebted for his inspiration and support. John! you are a greatest person forever! With best regards (Rajendra, SAF Nepal)
- So sorry to hear about unexpected sad news of John Pearce. With your company, I could learn his broader Vision of development process especially in Social Audit and accounting. We never forget his contribution to establish SAF Nepal from the very beginning. On that tragic moment, please share my deepest sympathy with his family and organization. May his soul rest in peace. With Deepest sympathy (Uddhav Guraain, Nepal)
- It is very sad news about John and he will be truly missed by many people but has left a fantastic legacy which will live on... (Laurie Russell, WISE Group)
- Just reflecting at the end of the day on the sadness that John has gone. Knowing it's coming and being prepared still doesn't take away from the final blow when you lose someone who has been such a special and inspiring friend and colleague. It doesn't seem fair that he missed the years of retirement where he might have done more writing and reflecting and just enjoying his years of eldership and wisdom. (Jackie Scutt, JtB Director)
- Such very sad news Alan. John was so special. My thoughts are with him. (Marcelle Holdaway, Australia)
- It is hard to respond to the loss of John....I had the privilege of working with him over the last 20 years from when we did social audit work together at Traidcraft and again in South Africa... (Murdoch Gatward, Imani Development)
- I am truly shocked by John Pearce's death. John was more than the great guardian for SAF-Nepal; he was an amazing person. He was always so kind and considerate to us that we always welcomed getting his thoughtful ideas and guidance at every opportunity. His passing will not only leave a void in our lives, but in the hearts of everyone who knew him. John's memory will always remain deep within my heart. My sincere thoughts and prayers are with you, the entire SAN team, and obviously with Joanna and family. (Manoj Khadka, SAF Nepal)
- I'm so sorry to hear that. Yes he had a massive influence and achieved such a lot. It will be a huge loss (Glenys Watt, Blake Stevenson)
- It will be a tough day (funeral) but I hope will celebrate the wonderful life that he lived, John is and will always be one of my heroes, I base a lot of what I do with my life on what John accomplished with his. (Murdoch Gatward, Imani Development)
- I am so sorry to hear the news of John, he was such a lovely man and held in very high regard. He will be a big miss to the social audit community. (Jane Gibbon, Newcastle University
- I received your bad news. Although it was to be expected, it’s hard for all of us, especially for you. Not long ago, I had a dream with John playing a part in it. Thus, he will live with us further on... (Gunther Lorenz, Berlin)
- I knew he had been battling cancer for the last year or two, but it was a very sad moment when I heard. Time goes so fast and I had long been intending to catch up with you again to see how things were. We all know that John's passing is a big loss to the community and social enterprise movement across the world, as well as for the personal support and encouragement he gave to so many who have become involved in social enterprise and social accounting. I didn't really want to disturb John over this period - he was always a very dignified guy and, probably like many others, I wanted to give him the space to do what he felt necessary - family, whatever. He will be a big loss, but won't be forgotten. A year or two back I read the challenging article he wrote for a book on the Social Economy edited by Ash Amin, which stuck in my mind as he flagged up the possibility of 'the movement' becoming more politically represented. He may well be proven right; most who were involved with community enterprise in the way John was involved are probably fed up with being the political football of the major parties….I will certainly set aside the time next Tuesday to raise a glass or two of Glenlivet at his passing. Please let me know of John's wishes as regards paying respects. Knowing John he would have wanted those people who knew and respected him to donate to a worthy cause rather than send flowers; I would count myself among those people. (Mel Evans, Middlesex University)
- John Watt sent a nice reply saying “John made a significant contribution over many years“… My thoughts have been going back to early CESU/SCB and Liverpool days spent with John and it seems so cruel that he should be taken from us when we have so many good memories to still talk about.
However, I have the memory of all the inspiration and goodness that was in John and his commitment to all the causes that we all believe in – helping communities to take control of their own land and resources (Tor Justad, Co-op Group)
- I feel sad about the death of John Pearce. We have lost a good friend, a committed person for people centred development and an active member of Commact. I pray for him. I also pray for his family, dear and near ones. (Michael K.J., India)
- This is indeed very, very sad news. Please convey my deepest condolences to Joanna and the rest of John's family. John was truly a giant in COMMACT and the Scottish NGO network. His contribution is everlasting. A man of great vision and a true prophet in the field of Social Auditing. We will always remember his pioneering spirit. God rest his truly beautiful soul. (Noel d’Silva, India)
- The passing away of John Pearce is very sad. He was associated with COMMACT from its inception. He was also associated with almost all the Chapters of Commact. (Michael K.J., India)
- He'll be a big loss to the SEN. (Pete Vink, New Zealand)
- I know John’s passing will represent a very sad loss …to everyone in Social Enterprise – I didn’t know John well but I totally appreciate the huge contribution he made to the thinking of social enterprise in Scotland and know that he will be sorely missed. We need to step forward and continue his work – he certainly leaves a rich legacy behind him, and I hope his family realises the affection and esteem in which he was held. (Neil McLean, Social Enterprise Academy)
- In all the years I worked in Scottish communities - I can't remember a time when John wasn't there - as practitioner, teacher, thinker, writer. We have lost a champion and a friend - but his legacy stays with us, because John helped shape the sector where we work. His book, 'Social Enterprise in Anytown' remains for me the authentic manifesto for the future of our movement. Our sympathies are with John's family at this time of loss. (Lawrence Demarco, Senscot)
- I am so very sorry to hear of John’s untimely death. He was an extraordinary person. (Antonia Swinson, Edinburgh)
- I learned some wisdom along the path of life and one thing when you loose someone you love and respect is to make sure that the best of their spirit lives on in you. Sometimes the brightest lights go out too soon. (Hazel Smith, Edinburgh)
- I first came to know John Pearce in the early 1970s when he worked for the Young Volunteer Force Foundation and I worked at Community Service Volunteers. To an extent, the organisations were rivals and had different philosophies and goals – YVFF was new, brash and aiming at youth empowerment, while CSV was about old-fashioned youth community service. John would smile quizzically at some of my ideas. But we had a common bond, having both served as volunteers overseas for a year , through Voluntary Service Overseas, between school and university in the early 1960s. Although we were much the same age, I looked up to him. His ideas were radical and inspiring.
Then, later in the 1970s, our paths crossed again when we both worked at the Home Office. I was a principal in the Voluntary Services Unit, and John led a Community Development Project in the North-West of England. Again, the CDPs were seen as the cutting edge of a new community work among the poor and marginalised, while the VSU was largely concerned with encouraging old- fashioned charitable and voluntary organisations. Again, I learned from him.
What really brought us together was when we formed half of a four-person study team invited to look at a new-fangled phenomenon called community enterprise, or community business, in the USA. By this time John was working in Scotland, doing pioneering work in the field, inspiring innovative practical enterprises like the Govan Grain Store and a new organisation: Community Business Scotland, which survives to this day. I had moved to work at the newly-formed UK government Manpower Services Commission on its job creation and youth employment programmes. These were about make-work and quasi-training, while community enterprise was about creating real work. So again, we had our differences, but again too, I learned from him.
It is important to say here that John was not one of the pioneers of a field now more commonly known as ‘social enterprise’. He was the pioneer.
The USA study team, invited by the German Marshall Fund of the United States, was comprised of John, Cornishman-cum-adopted Scot, as a community, grass-roots worker; me, as a representative of central government; Keith, a Welshman, who worked for local government; and Rosemary ‘our’ research assistant, from a English University. For all of us it was an instructive, exciting and inspirational 3-week tour, ranging across the country from Philadelphia through Kansas City, to Los Angeles. For me, it was also an extended tutorial with John, conducted in hotel rooms (and, yes, the occasional G&T in bars!), aeroplanes, taxis, and, never to be forgotten, a hilarious weekend trip into Mexico, where we stayed at what remains the worst motel ever encountered and suffered the effects of the worst Mexican meal ever eaten. But, throughout, John’s dry sense of humour and penetrating questions were the heartbeat of the team.
After the trip I worked closely with John and we wrote a paper-cum-proposal together titled ‘Creating Jobs through Community Enterprise’, which the Gulbenkian Foundation published, which showed how real rather than temporary jobs could be created by well-tuned support from government, the private sector and community organisations. Again, John’s ideas and knowledge were at its core.
The paper had many outcomes: the Community Business Ventures Unit was established to flesh out the ideas, funded by government, Gulbenkian, Shell UK, the NatWest Bank and others; and the UK government established the Community Enterprise Programme. By the early 1980s the EU, and then the OECD, had also established new programmes and initiatives. And the Centre for Employment Initiatives came into existence to support and advise on what was happening. By the mid-1980s John was advising and assisting the replication of these new practices across Australia, a process initiated by Peter Kenyon and his colleagues in Western Australia. All these and many other initiatives across the world had John’s fingerprints all over them.
Then, in the mid 1980s came the establishment of COMMACT (Commonwealth Association for Local Action and Economic Development) to link community enterprise efforts in North and South countries, and once again John was at the heart of it, even more so at the heart of the links between organisations in John’s beloved India, and the UK.
One would think that the above achievements would be enough for most people, but John went on to pioneer other ideas and practices, including that of ‘social auditing’: measuring enterprise performance not just through the profit-and-loss account and balance sheet, but in human terms as well.
Farewell, John: you made a very great contribution to improving the lives of many. (Colin Ball, Australia)
- John Pearce, our friend, comrade and partner is not with us anymore. He passed away on Monday, 12th of December 2011 in his home in Scotland after 18 months of suffering from cancer. We, the friends of the former European Network for Economic Self-Help and Local Development owe him a lot, and we will not forget his invaluable contributions to our work!
He was a real pioneer in local and community development and one of the first to set up development agencies for community enterprises in Strathclyde and all over Scotland. He was on the board of directors of Community Business Scotland for decades and served as Co-chair of the European Network from its very beginnings, co-organising two major European Congresses in Liverpool 1996 and Edinburgh 2000.
His publications were milestones in understanding the Local Social and Community Economy including ‘Running Your Own Co-operative’ 1984, ‘At the Heart of the Community Economy’ 1993, ‘Social Enterprise in Anytown’ 2003 and a series of Social Audit Handbooks and Manuals. He contributed as well to a number of important transnational research and development projects within our network like ‘Key Values, Structures and Concepts of Social Enterprises in Western Europe / A 5’, ‘Community Economic Development and Social Enterprises / B 3’ (both 1995 – 1997), ‘The Employment Potential of Social Enterprises in Six EU Member States / EPOSE 6’ (1997 – 1999), ‘The Role of Intermediary Support Structures in Promoting Third System Employment Activities at Local Level / RISO’ (2000 – 2001) and finally ‘The Contribution of Social Capital in the Social Economy to Local Development in Western Europe / CONSCISE’ (2000 – 2005). Most of the reports are still available.
His knowledge and expertise was also very well known outside of Europe where he gave support to a number of grass-roots initiatives and community development projects, especially in Australia, India, New Zealand and South Africa.
We will miss him, not only his expertise and commitment, his advice and critical comments, but also his sense of humour, courtesy and friendship!
Possibly the best way to remember John would be to continue on the road we have started together!
In solidarity – with seasonal greeting from Berlin (Karl Birkhölzer and Günther Lorenz and all other members of Technologie-Netzwerk Berlin)
- I still have fond memories out having met John Pierce at the Commact-Euronet meeting in September 2004 in Liverpool. Even if it was the only time we met, I will always remember this great, and nice, person. (Yvon, Quebec, Canada)
- NIDOS are sad to hear of the death of John Pearce after a long and determined fight with cancer. John’s inspiration, imagination and understanding of the need to get organised provided the impetus for the establishment of NIDOS member, Community Business Scotland, over 30 years ago. (Gillian Wilson, NIDOS Coordinator)
- John’s passing and will be sorely missed. We had regular contact with him for over 20 years, in Australia, India and the UK and as you suggest he was certainly an inspiration – a very unassuming champion! I do wonder what we might do in John’s memory especially as a tribute to his development legacy. Given his generosity of spirit, the ‘John Pearce Foundation’ has a certain ring to it but I’m not sure than John would agree. (Phil Schwenke)
- That's sad news. I can say I enjoyed John's calm and measured approach. He inspired confidence and made you think about what was really worthwhile doing and what was not (social impact-wise). Can you pass my condolences onto the family? (Lesley Bulbeck, Scotland)
- I knew John, learnt so much from him. It so sad that John is no more. Please pass my ccondolences to his family and friends of John. John will be dearly missed. (Mandla Sindane)
- Very sorry to hear this. My thoughts are with his family and friends. (Dave Simmers, Aberdeen)
- Such a very sad loss of a wonderful leader who inspired, helped and guided work at NEF with Ed Mayo and the Social Audit team over many years. Well before that John was active in widening the scope of the co-operative movement and indeed in adapting radical ideas from Moses Coady and the Antigonish rural co-operative movement of Nova Scotia and seeking ways to introduce these successful organising methods to meet the needs of rural communities of Cumbria, Wales and Scotland.
Like Johnnie Appleseed, the community business seeds he planted thirty plus years ago have borne so much fruit it is impossible to estimate the bountiful harvest - but it has been vast and so many communities have benefited from his indefatigable energy.
John was a true internationalist. He worked with Tony Gibson and others in the Local Economy movement across Europe and forged strong links with Dr. Karl Birkholzer at the Technical University of Berlin spreading social enterprise and the social solidarity economy ideas into eastern Europe in the 1990s. He was a leader in Commact, an international social economy network within Commonwealth countries and linked up groups in India to social economy groups in Britain and Europe.
As you and Alan bear testimony, John's books and work on visioning a social enterprise and local democratic future was prophetic, yet always rooted in practical action. (Pat, Common Futures)
- I was very shaken and saddened by this news. I met John first in the early 1980s when I was managing up Community Routes and he was pioneering community business in Scotland. His passing is a great loss to our movement. (Cliff Southcombe, NE England)
- This is a very sad week for Scotland and all of us in the World Social Economy. I have personally lost a friend and a teacher. I will miss John Pearce,but his work will continue. (Norman Chipakupaku, AEMVO)
- It’s so sad to hear that John has passed away. He was such a nice person and had a lot of knowledge important for community organizing. Since I got a new position at University of Gothenburg I have not had the economic means to participate in the European Network. Now I am retired and using my time writing novels.(Alf Ronnby, SWEDEN)
- What a sad new! I remember very well our friend John, his great contribution to the community development and his smart courtesy. We spent good and interesting moments with him. I agree with you, Karl and Günter : the best way to remember John is to continue on the road we have started together! (Maria Teresa Cobelli; ITALY)
- John Pearce was a good friend and a clever social scientist.(Jordi Estivill; SPAIN)
- Merci de m'avoir fait destinataire de ce message. J'avais beaucoup de sympathie pour John et c'était un homme avec une réflexion profonde. (Martine Théveniaut, FRANCE)
- I have no words to express my sorrow and sadness. He had been one of few inspiring people in my life. We will certainly miss him for ever in the physical sense, where as he is with us in spirit and we dont want to miss him. READ Centre is ever grateful for his constant support and comradeship. John was instrumental in setting up our Community Business Development initiatives in 45 villages in India. He has trained us in social auditing that we are still following his teachings. (Chelladurai Sam, INDIA)
- I think I met John just once, many years ago (remember the Scotland CD Aviemore conferences circa early 1990s?), and obviously know of his work. I'm sure you will miss him and his inspiration and will keep banging the drum for the things he believed in. (Mandy Wilson, Community Development Activist, Sheffield)
- I knew John from back in 1968 and was always impressed with his thoughtfulness and integrity, qualities I am sure remained with him. We didn’t always agree politically but he was the sort of person I felt was completely trustworthy. If Joanna is still alive, please pass my best wishes to her and thank her for a life well lived. (Gary Craig, Professor in Social Work, University of Hull)
- I was very saddened to hear of John’s death. His passion, energy and untainted idealism were a real inspiration to countless people, including myself. (Stephen Phillips, Burness and Co.)
- John was ethical to the core, always 'told it as it was', was generous both personally and professionally, and was one of those rare gems in terms of his unerring commitment to his field. I will really miss John and his visits to Australia. (Marcelle Holdaway)